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Title: Spent fuel assembly hardware: Characterization and 10 CFR 61 classification for waste disposal: Volume 1, Activation measurements and comparison with calculations for spent fuel assembly hardware

Consolidation of spent fuel is under active consideration as the US Department of Energy plans to dispose of spent fuel. During consolidation, the fuel pins are removed from an intact fuel assembly and repackaged into a more compact configuration. After repackaging, approximately 30 kg of residual spent fuel assembly hardware per assembly remains that is also radioactive and requires disposal. Understanding the nature of this secondary waste stream is critical to designing a system that will properly handle, package, store, and dispose of the waste. This report presents a methodology for estimating the radionuclide inventory in irradiated spent fuel hardware. Ratios are developed that allow the use of ORIGEN2 computer code calculations to be applied to regions that are outside the fueled region. The ratios are based on the analysis of samples of irradiated hardware from spent fuel assemblies. The results of this research are presented in three volumes. In Volume 1, the development of scaling factors that can be used with ORIGEN2 calculations to estimate activation of spent fuel assembly hardware is documented. The results from laboratory analysis of irradiated spent-fuel hardware samples are also presented in Volume 1. In Volumes 2 and 3, the calculated flux profiles ofmore » spent nuclear fuel assemblies are presented for pressurized water reactors and boiling water reactors, respectively. The results presented in Volumes 2 and 3 were used to develop the scaling factors documented in Volume 1. 5 refs., 4 figs., 21 tabs.« less
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5940840
Report Number(s):
PNL-6906-Vol.1
ON: DE89015190
DOE Contract Number:
AC06-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Portions of this document are illegible in microfiche products
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; 12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; CLASSIFICATION; SPENT FUEL ELEMENTS; PACKAGING; INVENTORIES; OPTIMIZATION; SPENT FUELS; VOLUME; ENERGY SOURCES; FUEL ELEMENTS; FUELS; MATERIALS; NUCLEAR FUELS; RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS; REACTOR COMPONENTS; REACTOR MATERIALS; WASTES 420204* -- Engineering-- Shipping Containers; 052002 -- Nuclear Fuels-- Waste Disposal & Storage; 053000 -- Nuclear Fuels-- Environmental Aspects