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Title: Childhood leukaemia and nuclear power

There has been considerable scientific and media interest in the question of whether the risk of childhood leukemia is raised near nuclear facilities, and, if so, the reasons why. Serious consideration of this issue was initiated by a media report of an unusually large number of cases around the Sellafield installation in England, and reports of excess cases in the vicinity of other facilities in Britain have followed. Detailed radiological assessments have demonstrated that radioactive discharges are most unlikely to have been the cause of these reported excess cases, seemingly contradicting the epidemiological evidence. However, epidemiology is an observational (non-experimental) science, and the results of such studies must be interpreted with considerable care. The influence of prior knowledge of data upon the structure of a study has been a particular inferential problem. Furthermore, there are indications that non-radiological factors may be important in communities near nuclear facilities. Recently, a study has shown an association between childhood leukaemia cases near Sellafield and the recorded occupational radiation doses received by fathers before the conception of these children; but this novel finding has received little independent scientific support. At present, the British childhood leukaemia findings have not been replicated in studies based inmore » other countries, and the reasons for the reported case excesses around British nuclear facilities remain unclear.« less
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. (Health and Safety Directorate, British Nuclear Fuels plc, Warrington (United Kingdom))
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5838113
Report Number(s):
CONF-920414--
Journal ID: ISSN 0003-018X; CODEN: TANSAO; TRN: 93-022717
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Transactions of the American Nuclear Society; (United States); Journal Volume: 65; Conference: 8. Pacific basin nuclear conference, Taipei (China), 12-16 Apr 1992
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; CHILDREN; LEUKEMIA; STATISTICAL DATA; NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS; EXTERNAL ZONES; DISEASE INCIDENCE; EPIDEMIOLOGY; NUCLEAR POWER; UNITED KINGDOM; AGE GROUPS; DATA; DEVELOPED COUNTRIES; DISEASES; EUROPE; IMMUNE SYSTEM DISEASES; INFORMATION; NEOPLASMS; NUCLEAR FACILITIES; NUMERICAL DATA; POWER; POWER PLANTS; THERMAL POWER PLANTS; WESTERN EUROPE 560151* -- Radiation Effects on Animals-- Man