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Title: Evaluation of alternative nonflame technologies for destruction of hazardous organic waste

The US Department of Energy`s Mixed Waste Focus Area (MWFA) commissioned an evaluation of mixed waste treatment technologies that are alternatives to incineration for destruction of hazardous organic wastes. The purpose of this effort is to evaluate technologies that are alternatives to open-flame, free-oxygen combustion (as exemplified by incinerators), and recommend to the Waste Type Managers and the MWFA which technologies should be considered for further development. Alternative technologies were defined as those that have the potential to: destroy organic material without use of open-flame reactions with free gas-phase oxygen as the reaction mechanism; reduce the offgas volume and associated contaminants (metals, radionuclides, and particulates) emitted under normal operating conditions; eliminate or reduce the production of dioxins and furans; and reduce the potential for excursions in the process that can lead to accidental release of harmful levels of chemical or radioactive materials. Twenty-three technologies were identified that have the potential for meeting these requirements. These technologies were rated against the categories of performance, readiness for deployment, and environment safety, and health. The top ten technologies that resulted from this evaluation are Steam Reforming, Electron Beam, UV Photo-Oxidation, Ultrasonics, Eco Logic reduction process, Supercritical Water oxidation, Cerium Mediated Electrochemical Oxidation, DETOX{supmore » SM}, Direct Chemical Oxidation (peroxydisulfate), and Neutralization/Hydrolysis.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Lockheed Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
  2. BC Musgrave, Inc. (United States)
  3. Drake Engineering, Inc. (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
578607
Report Number(s):
INEL/EXT--97-00123
ON: DE98050476; TRN: 98:004299
DOE Contract Number:
AC07-94ID13223
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Apr 1997
Research Org:
Lockheed Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
05 NUCLEAR FUELS; WASTE PROCESSING; ORGANIC WASTES; TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; HAZARDOUS MATERIALS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS