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Title: Factors involved in evaluating ground water impacts of deep coal mine drainage. [Pumping tests of wells drilled into the coal seam and development of mathematical models; detailed discussion]

The determination of probable ground water impacts of proposed deep coal mining is required as part of permit applications. Impact prediction generally involves well production test analysis and modeling of ground water systems associated with coal seams. Well production tests are often complicated due to the relatively low permeabilities of sandstones and shales of ground water systems. The effects of the release of water stored within finite diameter production wells must be considered. Well storage capacity appreciably affects early well production test time drawdown or time recovery data. Low pumping rates, limited cones of depression, and length of required pumping periods are important well production test design factors. Coal seam ground water system models are usually multilayered and leaky artesian. Mine shafts partially penetrate the ground water system. Simulation of coal mine drainage often involves the horizontal permeability and storage coefficient of the coal seam zone, vertical permeablities of sandstones and shales (aquifer) above and below the coal seam zone, and the hydrologic properties of the source bed above the aquifer overlying the coal seam zone. Ground water level declines in both the coal seam zone and source bed near land surface are necessary factors in impact analysis. An examplemore » of evaluation studies in southwest Indiana will illustrate factors involved in deep coal mine drainage modeling efforts.« less
Authors:
;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5687531
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Water Resour. Bull.; (United States); Journal Volume: 18:5
Research Org:
Geraghty and Miller, Inc., Champaign, IL
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ACID MINE DRAINAGE; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; GROUND WATER; WATER QUALITY; UNDERGROUND MINING; PERMIT APPLICATIONS; WATER WELLS; EVALUATION; COAL MINING; COAL SEAMS; HYDROLOGY; INDIANA; PERMEABILITY; SANDSTONES; STRUCTURAL MODELS; ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES; COAL DEPOSITS; ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY; FEDERAL REGION V; GEOLOGIC DEPOSITS; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; MINERAL RESOURCES; MINING; NORTH AMERICA; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; RESOURCES; ROCKS; SEDIMENTARY ROCKS; USA; WATER; WELLS 010900* -- Coal, Lignite, & Peat-- Environmental Aspects; 520300 -- Environment, Aquatic-- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport-- (1989); 012000 -- Coal, Lignite, & Peat-- Mining