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Title: Global scale deposition of radioactivity from a large scale exchange

The global impact of radioactivity pertains to the continental scale and planetary scale deposition of the radioactivity in a delayed mode; it affects all peoples. Global deposition is distinct and separate from close-in fallout. Close-in fallout is delivered in a matter of a few days or less and is much studied in the literature of civilian defense. But much less studied is the matter of global deposition. The global deposition of radioactivity from the reference strategic exchange (5300 MT) leads to an estimated average whole body, total integrated dose of 20 rem for the latitudes of 30 to 50/sup 0/ in the Northern Hemisphere. Hotspots of deposited radioactivity can occur with doses of about 70 rem (winter) to 40 to 110 rem (summer) in regions like Europe, western Asia, western North Pacific, southeastern US, northeastern US, and Canada. The neighboring countries within a few hundred kilometers of areas under strategic nuclear attack can be impacted by the normal (termal close-in) fallout due to gravitational sedimentation with lethal radiation doses to unsheltered populations. In regard to the strategic scenario about 40% of the megatonage is assumed to be in a surface burst mode and the rest in the free air burstmore » mode.« less
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5653422
Report Number(s):
UCRL-89907; CONF-8308134-1
ON: DE84002007
DOE Contract Number:
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 3. international conference on nuclear war, Erice, Italy, 16 Aug 1983
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
45 MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, WEAPONRY, AND NATIONAL DEFENSE; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; FALLOUT; GLOBAL ASPECTS; NUCLEAR WEAPONS; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; HUMAN POPULATIONS; RADIATION DOSES; RADIOACTIVITY; SEASONAL VARIATIONS; DOSES; POPULATIONS; VARIATIONS; WEAPONS 450202* -- Explosions & Explosives-- Nuclear-- Weaponry-- (-1989); 290300 -- Energy Planning & Policy-- Environment, Health, & Safety; 990500 -- Civilian Defense-- (-1987); 510302 -- Environment, Terrestrial-- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport-- Terrestrial Ecosystems & Food Chains-- (-1987); 500300 -- Environment, Atmospheric-- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport-- (-1989); 520302 -- Environment, Aquatic-- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport-- Aquatic Ecosystems & Food Chains-- (-1987)