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Title: Tumor necrosis factor and interleukin 1 as mediators of endotoxin-induced beneficial effects

Bacterial lipopolysaccharides or endotoxins are known to induce tumor necrosis; enhanced nonspecific resistance to bacterial, viral, and parasitic infections and to radiation sickness; and tolerance to lethal doses of endotoxin. These beneficial effects are achieved by pretreatment with minute amounts of endotoxin. Recombinant tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin 1 (IL-1) are among the mediators capable of invoking radioprotection or resistance to the consequences of cecal ligation and puncture. Both cytokines are potent inducers of serum colony-stimulating factor (CSF) in C3H/HeJ mice (low responders to endotoxin). The number of splenic granulocyte-macrophage precursors was found to increase 5 days after injection of TNF in these mice. Although with IL-1 no increase in the number of granulocyte-macrophage colonies occurred in culture in the presence of serum CSF, a marked stimulation was observed when TNF was added. This stimulation of myelopoiesis observed in vivo and in vitro may be related to the radioprotective effect of TNF. The data presented suggest that TNF and IL-1 released after injection of endotoxin participate in the mediation of endotoxin-induced enhancement of nonspecific resistance and stimulation of hematopoiesis. 76 references.
Authors:
;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5650051
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Rev. Infect. Dis.; (United States)
Research Org:
Univ. of Heidelberg, Germany, F.R.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; ENDOTOXINS; RADIOSENSITIVITY EFFECTS; LYMPHOKINES; COLONY FORMATION; MACROPHAGES; MICE; RADIATION PROTECTION; SEPTICEMIA; ANIMAL CELLS; ANIMALS; ANTIGENS; CONNECTIVE TISSUE CELLS; GROWTH FACTORS; MAMMALS; MATERIALS; MITOGENS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; PHAGOCYTES; PROTEINS; RODENTS; SOMATIC CELLS; TOXIC MATERIALS; TOXINS; VERTEBRATES 560152* -- Radiation Effects on Animals-- Animals