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Title: Dual effect of local anesthetics on the function of excitable rod outer segment disk membrane

The effects of local anesthetics and a divalent cation, Ca2+, on the function of rhodopsin were estimated from the measurements of light-induced proton uptake. The light-induced proton uptake by rhodopsin in the rod outer segment disk membrane was enhanced at lower pH (4) but depressed at higher pHs (6 to 8) by the tertiary amine local anesthetics lidocaine, bupivacaine, tetracaine, and dibucaine. The order of local anesthetic-induced depression of the proton uptake followed that of their clinical anesthetic potencies. The depression of the proton uptake versus the concentration of the uncharged form of local anesthetic nearly describes the same curve for small and large dose of added anesthetic. Furthermore, a neutral local anesthetic, benzocaine, depressed the proton uptake at all pHs between 4 and 7. These results indicate that the depression of the proton uptake is due to the effect of only the uncharged form. It is hypothesized that the uncharged form of local anesthetics interacts hydrophobically with the rhodopsin in the disk membrane. The dual effect of local anesthetics on the proton uptake, on the other hand, suggests that the activation of the function of rhodopsin may be caused by the charged form. There was no significant change inmore » the light-induced proton uptake by rhodopsin when 1 mM of Ca2+ was introduced into the disk membrane at varying pHs in the absence or presence of local anesthetics. This fact indicates that Ca2+ ion does not influence the diprotonating process of metarhodopsin; neither does it interfere with the local anesthetic-induced changes in the rhodopsin molecule.« less
Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5621005
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Anesthesiology; (United States); Journal Volume: 4
Research Org:
Osaka Univ. Medical School, Japan
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; ANESTHETICS; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; CELL MEMBRANES; BIOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS; PROTONS; UPTAKE; CALCIUM; CATIONS; CATTLE; DOSE-RESPONSE RELATIONSHIPS; EYES; IN VITRO; PH VALUE; RHODOPSIN; VALENCE; ALKALINE EARTH METALS; ANIMALS; BARYONS; BODY; BODY AREAS; CELL CONSTITUENTS; CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DEPRESSANTS; CHARGED PARTICLES; DOMESTIC ANIMALS; DRUGS; ELEMENTARY PARTICLES; ELEMENTS; FACE; FERMIONS; FUNCTIONS; HADRONS; HEAD; IONS; MAMMALS; MEMBRANES; METALS; NUCLEONS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANS; PIGMENTS; PROTEINS; RUMINANTS; SENSE ORGANS; VERTEBRATES 550200* -- Biochemistry