Heat-pump-centered integrated community energy systems: system development summary
An introduction to district heating systems employing heat pumps to enable use of low-temperature energy sources is presented. These systems operate as thermal utilities to provide space heating and may also supply space cooling, service-water heating, and other thermal services. Otherwise-wasted heat from industrial and commercial processes, natural sources including solar and geothermal heat, and heat stored on an annual cycle from summer cooling may be effectively utilized by the systems described. These sources are abundant, and their use would conserve scarce resources and reduce adverse environmental impacts. More than one-quarter of the energy consumed in the United States is used to heat and cool buildings and to heat service water. Natural gas and oil provide approximately 83% of this energy. The systems described show potential to reduce net energy consumption for these services by 20 to 50% and to allow fuel substitution with less-scarce resources not practical in smaller, individual-building systems. Seven studies performed for the system development phase of the Department of Energy's Heat-Pump-Centered Integrated Community Energy Systems Project and to related studies are summarized. A concluding chapter tabulates data from these separately published studies.
- Publication Date:
- OSTI Identifier:
- Report Number(s):
- DOE Contract Number:
- Resource Type:
- Technical Report
- Research Org:
- Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; BUILDINGS; ENERGY CONSERVATION; DISTRICT COOLING; HEAT PUMPS; DISTRICT HEATING; PERFORMANCE; ICES; DESIGN; ECONOMICS; OPERATION; ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; US DOE; WASTE HEAT UTILIZATION; COOLING; HEATING; NATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS; US ORGANIZATIONS; WASTE PRODUCT UTILIZATION 320603* -- Energy Conservation, Consumption, & Utilization-- Municipalities & Community Systems-- Public Utilities-- (1980-); 290800 -- Energy Planning & Policy-- Heat Utilization-- (1980-)
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