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Title: Dark matter in the Universe

What is the quantity and composition of material in the universe This is one of the most fundamental questions we can ask about the universe, and its answer bears on a number of important issues including the formation of structure in the universe, and the ultimate fate and the earliest history of the universe. Moreover, answering this question could lead to the discovery of new particles, as well as shedding light on the nature of the fundamental interactions. At present, only a partial answer is at hand: most of the material in the universe does not give off detectable radiation, i.e., is dark;'' the dark matter associated with bright galaxies contributes somewhere between 10% and 30% of the critical density (by comparison luminous matter contributes less than 1%); baryonic matter contributes between 1.1% and 12% of critical. The case for the spatially-flat, Einstein-de Sitter model is supported by three compelling theoretical arguments -- structure formation, the temporal Copernican principle, and inflation -- and by some observational data. If {Omega} is indeed unity--or even just significantly greater than 0.1--then there is a strong case for a universe comprised of nonbaryonic matter. There are three well motivated particle dark-matter candidates: an axionmore » of mass 10{sup {minus}6} eV to 10{sup {minus}4} eV; a neutralino of mass 10 GeV to about 3 TeV; or a neutrino of mass 20 eV to 90 eV. All three possibilities can be tested by experiments that are either being planned or are underway. 71 refs., 6 figs.« less
Authors:
 [1]
  1. (Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (USA) Chicago Univ., IL (USA). Enrico Fermi Inst.)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5541027
Report Number(s):
FNAL/C-91/78-A; CONF-901141--6
ON: DE91014863
DOE Contract Number:
AC02-76CH03000
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: International conference on trends in astroparticle physics, Santa Monica, CA (United States), 26 Nov - 1 Dec 1990
Research Org:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
DOE; USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; UNIVERSE; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; AXIONS; NEUTRINOS; NUCLEOSYNTHESIS; RELICT RADIATION; BOSONS; ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION; ELEMENTARY PARTICLES; FERMIONS; GOLDSTONE BOSONS; LEPTONS; MASSLESS PARTICLES; MATTER; MICROWAVE RADIATION; POSTULATED PARTICLES; RADIATIONS; SYNTHESIS 640102* -- Astrophysics & Cosmology-- Stars & Quasi-Stellar, Radio & X-Ray Sources; 640106 -- Astrophysics & Cosmology-- Cosmology; 645200 -- High Energy Physics-- Particle Interactions & Properties-Theoretical