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Title: Transfer of 137Cs and 60Co in a waste retention pond with emphasis on aquatic insects

The objectives of this research were (1) to analyze the transfers of 137Cs and 60Co in a retention pond, with emphasis on aquatic insects and (2) to determine if detectable concentrations of these radionuclides are exported by emerging aquatic insects. We analyzed the radionuclide concentrations in the following components: water solution, bottom sediments, suspended particulate matter, plankton, floating mats of filamentous algae, benthic macroinvertebrates, and emerging aquatic insects. Samples were collected quarterly from June 1981 to April 1982. The lowest concentrations (in picocuries per milliliter) occurred in solution (range: 1.4 X 10(2) to 3.2 X 10(2) for 137Cs and 8.1 X 10(-1) to 2.2 X 10(0) for 60Co). The highest concentrations (in picocuries per gram dry weight) occurred in the sediments (range: 1.5 X 10(4) to 1.1 X 10(8) for 137Cs and 1.0 X 10(2) to 4.3 X 10(6) for 60Co). The primary producers and aquatic insect consumers had concentrations of both radionuclides that were two to four orders of magnitude higher than the respective concentrations dissolved in water but two to three orders of magnitude lower than the concentrations in the sediments. The concentrations of both radionuclides decreased successively at higher trophic levels. There were considerable temporal variations asmore » the radionuclides cycled among the abiotic and biotic components of the pond. Emerging adult aquatic insects had lower concentrations of both radionuclides than the immature stages that lived in the pond (adult/immature ratio about 0.25). Because the emerging adult insects contain detectable concentrations of radionuclides, have relatively long life spans, and disperse away from the aquatic habitat, we conclude that adult aquatic insects would be effective biological monitors.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5532199
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Health Phys.; (United States); Journal Volume: 5
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; CESIUM 137; UPTAKE; COBALT 60; SETTLING PONDS; RADIOECOLOGY; RADIONUCLIDE MIGRATION; ALGAE; BIOLOGICAL INDICATORS; INSECTS; PLANKTON; RADIOACTIVITY; SAMPLING; SEASONAL VARIATIONS; SEDIMENTS; WATER; ALKALI METAL ISOTOPES; ANIMALS; AQUATIC ORGANISMS; ARTHROPODS; BETA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BETA-MINUS DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; CESIUM ISOTOPES; COBALT ISOTOPES; ECOLOGY; ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; INTERMEDIATE MASS NUCLEI; INTERNAL CONVERSION RADIOISOTOPES; INVERTEBRATES; ISOMERIC TRANSITION ISOTOPES; ISOTOPES; MASS TRANSFER; MINUTES LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; NUCLEI; ODD-EVEN NUCLEI; ODD-ODD NUCLEI; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PLANTS; PONDS; RADIOISOTOPES; SURFACE WATERS; VARIATIONS; YEARS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES 520302* -- Environment, Aquatic-- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport-- Aquatic Ecosystems & Food Chains-- (-1987)