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Title: NO[sub x] compliance planning considerations for utilities affected by Titles 1 and 4 of the CAAA of 1990

The major cost impact of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA) on electric utilities involves the SO[sub 2] reduction requirements associated with Title 4 (Acid Deposition). The SO[sub 2] allowance trading provisions of Title 4 have increased the complexity of developing least-cost'' SO[sub 2] compliance plans compared to more traditional command-and-control regulations. However, for some electric utilities, the cost of compliance and the complexity of compliance planning associated with nitrogen oxides (NO[sub x]) reductions may be equally challenging. In particular, utilities with affected units in certain ozone non-attainment areas (and ozone transport regions) may be faced with stringent NO[sub x] limits that can require substantial capital investments and increased operating costs. This article provides a brief overview of NO[sub x] compliance planning considerations for electric utilities.
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. (Stone and Webster Engineering Corp., Boston, MA (United States))
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5531063
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Energy Engineering; (United States); Journal Volume: 90:4
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; ELECTRIC UTILITIES; PLANNING; NITROGEN OXIDES; AIR POLLUTION CONTROL; SULFUR DIOXIDE; CAPITALIZED COST; OPERATING COST; CHALCOGENIDES; CONTROL; COST; NITROGEN COMPOUNDS; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; POLLUTION CONTROL; PUBLIC UTILITIES; SULFUR COMPOUNDS; SULFUR OXIDES 200202* -- Fossil-Fueled Power Plants-- Waste Management-- Noxious Gas & Particulate Emissions; 296000 -- Energy Planning & Policy-- Electric Power