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Title: Building ventilation and indoor air quality

Rising energy prices, among other factors, have generated an incentive to reduce ventilation rates and thereby reduce the cost of heating and cooling buildings. Reduced infiltration and ventilation in buildings may significantly increase exposure to indoor contaminants and perhaps have adverse effects on occupant health and comfort. Four indoor air contaminants - carbon monoxide and nitrogen dioxide from gas appliances; formaldehyde from particleboard, plywood, urea-formaldehyde foam insulation, and gas appliances; and radon from building materials, soil, and ground water - are currently receiving considerable attention in the context of potential health risks associated with reduced infiltration and ventilation rates. These air contaminants in conventional and energy efficient buildings were measured and analyzed with a view to assessing their potential health risks and various control strategies capable of lowering pollutant concentrations. Preliminary findings suggest that further intensive studies are needed in order to develop criteria for maintaining acceptable indoor air quality without compromising energy efficiency.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5506225
Report Number(s):
LBL-10391
DOE Contract Number:
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
California Univ., Berkeley (USA). Lawrence Berkeley Lab.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; BUILDINGS; INDOOR AIR POLLUTION; MONITORING; AIR QUALITY; BUILDING MATERIALS; CARBON MONOXIDE; DATA COMPILATION; ENERGY CONSERVATION; FORMALDEHYDE; NITROGEN DIOXIDE; RADON; SOILS; TABLES; VENTILATION; AIR POLLUTION; ALDEHYDES; CARBON COMPOUNDS; CARBON OXIDES; CHALCOGENIDES; DATA; DATA FORMS; ELEMENTS; ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY; INFORMATION; MATERIALS; NITROGEN COMPOUNDS; NITROGEN OXIDES; NONMETALS; NUMERICAL DATA; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; POLLUTION; RARE GASES 500200* -- Environment, Atmospheric-- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport-- (-1989)