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Title: Environmental consequences of atmosphereic krypton-85. Final report, January 1, 1977-September 30, 1979

Krypton-85 is a radioactive inert gas produced during normal operations of the nuclear fuel cycle. The quantities of krypton-85, that will be produced in the next century, are sufficient, if released, to alter the electrical state of the atmosphere. The principal hypothesis is that an anthropogenic alteration of the electric state of the atmosphere could alter other meterological phenomena and lead to significant environmental impacts. The goal of this project was to explore some areas of basic science related to the evaluation of that hypothesis. The approach was primarily theoretical. The following topics were addressed: a first approximation model to estimate the effects of krypton-85 on the electrical state of the atmosphere; an analysis of the pathways between krypton-85 production and the atmosphere; an analytical model for fair weather atmospheric electricity; and a dipole model for atmospheric electricity. The results will provide a framework on which detailed models can be built. The results should provide better understanding of some topics in atmospheric electricity.
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5505936
Report Number(s):
COO-4364-2
TRN: 80-005291
DOE Contract Number:
EE-77-S-02-4364
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Niagara Univ., NY (USA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; KRYPTON 85; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY; DIPOLES; ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES; FUEL CYCLE; INTEGRAL EQUATIONS; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; METEOROLOGY; NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS; NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS; PLUTONIUM PRODUCTION REACTORS; PRODUCTION; RADIOECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION; RESEARCH REACTORS; BETA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BETA-MINUS DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; CHEMISTRY; ECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION; EQUATIONS; EVEN-ODD NUCLEI; EXPLOSIONS; HOURS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; INTERMEDIATE MASS NUCLEI; ISOMERIC TRANSITION ISOTOPES; ISOTOPES; KRYPTON ISOTOPES; MULTIPOLES; NUCLEAR FACILITIES; NUCLEI; PHYSICAL PROPERTIES; POWER PLANTS; PRODUCTION REACTORS; RADIOISOTOPES; REACTORS; RESEARCH AND TEST REACTORS; THERMAL POWER PLANTS; YEARS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES 500300* -- Environment, Atmospheric-- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport-- (-1989)