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Title: Interaction of extremely-low-frequency electromagnetic fields with humans

At a macroscopic level, the effects of extremely low frequency (ELF) electromagnetic fields on humans are well understood based on fundamental physical principles, but far less is known about the nature of the interactions at a cellular or molecular level. Current evidence suggests the effects of ELF on cellular biochemistry are due to interactions with the cell membrane. Elucidation of the mechanism that underlies this transmembrane signaling is critical for a molecular-level understanding of ELF field effects. Further research is also required to clarify a possible link between ELF exposure and increased cancer risk, since estimated ELF exposure in occupational or residential settings is much lower that the levels used in laboratory studies. There is a clear need for additional epidemiological research in which qualitative dosimetry is used to characterize ELF exposure and careful attention is given to possible effects of confounding variables. 24 refs.
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5447319
Report Number(s):
PNL-SA-19016; CONF-9107136--4
ON: DE91015779
DOE Contract Number:
AC06-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 9. International Congress of Radiation Research (ICRR) conference, Toronto (Canada), 7-12 Jul 1991
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
DOE; USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; RISK ASSESSMENT; INFORMATION NEEDS; TISSUES; CURRENT DENSITY; BIOLOGICAL PATHWAYS; CARCINOGENESIS; CELL MEMBRANES; CHRONIC EXPOSURE; DOSIMETRY; ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURE PATHWAY; EPIDEMIOLOGY; GENE REGULATION; HEALTH HAZARDS; HZ RANGE; MAN; MEMBRANE TRANSPORT; RECEPTORS; ANIMALS; BODY; CELL CONSTITUENTS; FREQUENCY RANGE; HAZARDS; MAMMALS; MEMBRANE PROTEINS; MEMBRANES; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; PATHOGENESIS; PRIMATES; PROTEINS; VERTEBRATES 560400* -- Other Environmental Pollutant Effects