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Title: The alcohol dehydrogenase gene is nested in the outspread locus of Drosophila melanogaster

This report describes the structure and expression of the outspread (osp) gene of Drosophila melanogaster. Previous work showed that chromosomal breakpoints associated with mutations of the osp locus map to both sides of the alcohol dehydrogenase gene (Adh), suggesting that Adh and the adjacent gene Adh{sup r} are nested in osp. We extended a chromosomal walk and mapped additional osp mutations to define the maximum molecular limit of osp as 119 kb. We identified a 6-kb transcript that hybridizes to osp region DNA and is altered or absent in osp mutants. Accumulation of this RNA peaks during embryonic and pupal periods. The osp cDNAs comprise two distinct classes based on alternative splicing patterns. The 5{prime} end of the longest cDNA was extended by PCR amplification. When hybridized to the osp walk, the 5{prime} extension verifies that Adh and Adh{sup r} are nested in osp and shows that osp has a transcription unit of {ge}74 kb. In situ hybridization shows that osp is expressed both maternally and zygotically. In the ovary, osp is transcribed in nurse cells and localized in the oocyte. In embryos, expression is most abundant in the developing visceral and somatic musculature. 55 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
543027
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Genetics; Journal Volume: 143; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: PBD: Jun 1996
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
55 BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, BASIC STUDIES; ALCOHOL DEHYDROGENASE; GENE AMPLIFICATION; STRUCTURE-ACTIVITY RELATIONSHIPS; GENE REGULATION; GENE MUTATIONS; SPLICING; TRANSCRIPTION; GENETIC MAPPING; CHROMOSOMES; CHROMOSOMAL ABERRATIONS; DROSOPHILA; ONTOGENESIS; MUTANTS; POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION; DNA; EMBRYOS; IN-SITU HYBRIDIZATION; RNA; RECESSIVE MUTATIONS