skip to main content

Title: Status of the DOE Battery and Electrochemical Technology Program V

The program consists of two activities, Technology Base Research (TBR) managed by the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) and Exploratory Technology Development and Testing (EDT) managed by the Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). The status of the Battery Energy Storage Test (BEST) Facility is presented, including the status of the batteries to be tested. ECS program contributions to the advancement of the lead-acid battery and specific examples of technology transfer from this program are given. The advances during the period December 1982 to June 1984 in the characterization and performance of the lead-acid, iron/nickel-oxide, iron/air, aluminum/air, zinc/bromide, zinc/ferricyanide, and sodium/sulfur batteries and in fuel cells for transport are summarized. Novel techniques and the application of established techniques to the study of electrode processes, especially the electrode/electrolyte interface, are described. Research with the potential of leading to improved ceramic electrolytes and positive electrode container and current-collectors for the sodium/sulfur battery is presented. Advances in the electrocatalysis of the oxygen (air) electrode and the relationship of these advances to the iron/air and aluminum/air batteries and to the fuel cell are noted. The quest for new battery couples and battery materials is reviewed. New developments in the modeling of electrochemical cell and electrode performance withmore » the approaches to test these models are reported.« less
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5325596
Report Number(s):
PNL-5448
ON: DE85015241
DOE Contract Number:
AC06-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Roberts Consultants, Inc., Chevy Chase, MD (USA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; ELECTRIC BATTERIES; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS; FUEL CELLS; DIRECT ENERGY CONVERTERS 250900* -- Energy Storage-- Batteries; 300500 -- Fuel Cells