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Title: Man--machine interface issues for space nuclear power systems

The deployment of nuclear reactors in space necessitates an entirely new set of guidelines for the design of the man--machine interface (MMI) when compared to earth-based applications such as commerical nuclear power plants. Although the design objectives of earth- and space-based nuclear power systems are the same, that is, to produce electrical power, the differences in the application environments mean that the operator's role will be significantly different for space-based systems. This paper explores the issues associated with establishing the necessary MMI guidelines for space nuclear power systems. The generic human performance requirements for space-based systems are described, and the operator roles that are utilized for the operation of current and advanced earth-based reactors are briefly summarized. The development of a prototype advanced control room, the Integrated Surveillance and Control System (ISACS) at the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Halden Reactor Project is introduced. Finally, preliminary ideas for the use of the ISACS system as a test bed for establishing MMI guidelines for space nuclear systems are presented.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. (OECD Halden Reactor Project, P.O. Box 173, N-1751 Halden (NORWAY))
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5287890
Report Number(s):
CONF-910116--
Journal ID: ISSN 0094-243X; CODEN: APCPC; TRN: 91-027506
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings (American Institute of Physics); (United States); Journal Volume: 217:3; Conference: 8. symposium on space nuclear power systems, Albuquerque, NM (United States), 6-10 Jan 1991
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; 22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; SPACE POWER REACTORS; REACTOR CONTROL SYSTEMS; DESIGN; MOON; REACTOR SAFETY; SPACE VEHICLES; CONTROL SYSTEMS; MOBILE REACTORS; POWER REACTORS; REACTORS; SAFETY; SATELLITES; VEHICLES NESDPS Office of Nuclear Energy Space and Defense Power Systems 220800* -- Nuclear Reactor Technology-- Propulsion Reactors; 220900 -- Nuclear Reactor Technology-- Reactor Safety