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Title: Potential social, institutional, and environmental impacts of selected energy-conservation measures in two Washington communities. [Seattle and Yakima]

The likely environmental, social, and institutional impacts of selected energy-conservation measures in two communities in Washington state are reported. The five conservation measures investigated in this study were: (1) retrofitting existing buildings; (2) district heating and Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES); (3) small automobiles and vehicle redesign; (4) land-use and housing modifications; and (5) electric-utility rate reform. Twenty potential impact areas were selected for analysis. These areas were divided into five categories of environmental impacts, economic impacts, community impacts, personal impacts, and overall quality of life in the community. The research was conducted in Seattle and Yakima, Washington. In each location, about two dozen public officials and business, labor, and community leaders were interviewed. Their diverse views are summarized. The Seattle respondents saw energy conservation as a highly desirable policy with a number of temporary, transitional problems arising as energy-conservation measures were implemented. Yakima respondents, in contrast, did not expect to encounter many serious energy problems in the foreseeable future and consequently viewed energy conservation as a relatively minor community concern. Moreover, they anticipated that many conservation measures, if implemented by the government, would encounter either apathy or resistance in their community. Two broad generalizations can bedrawn from these interviews:more » (1) energy conservation will basically be beneficial for the natural environment and our society; and (2) if energy conservation does become a dominant thrust in our society, it could stimulate and reinforce a much broader process of fundamental social change. (LCL)« less
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Battelle Pacific Northwest Labs., Richland, WA (USA)
Country of Publication:
United States
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; ENERGY CONSERVATION; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; INSTITUTIONAL FACTORS; PUBLIC OPINION; SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS; WASHINGTON; BUILDINGS; DISTRICT HEATING; ELECTRIC UTILITIES; ICES; LAND USE; RATE STRUCTURE; VEHICLES; HEATING; NORTH AMERICA; PACIFIC NORTHWEST REGION; PUBLIC UTILITIES; USA 291000* -- Energy Planning & Policy-- Conservation; 290200 -- Energy Planning & Policy-- Economics & Sociology; 290300 -- Energy Planning & Policy-- Environment, Health, & Safety; 530100 -- Environmental-Social Aspects of Energy Technologies-- Social & Economic Studies-- (-1989); 530200 -- Environmental-Social Aspects of Energy Technologies-- Assessment of Energy Technologies-- (-1989)