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Title: New proppant for deep hydraulic fracturing

Much work has been done in the development and evaluation of various materials for use as proppants for hydraulic fracturing. Sand is most often used as a frac proppant in shallow wells. Deep wells having high closure stresses require a proppant such as sintered bauxite which will not crush under such adverse conditions. Proppants such as ceramic and zirconium oxide beads and resin coated sand have been developed for deep hydraulic fracturing; however, use of these materials has been limited. A new frac proppant has been developed which exhibits the properties necessary for use in deep hydraulic fracturing. This frac proppant is produced by precuring a specially modified phenol-formaldehyde resin onto sand. The new frac proppant maintains conductivity and resists crushing, similar to that of sintered bauxite at high closure stress. 11 references.
Authors:
;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5282643
Report Number(s):
CONF-8205280-
Journal ID: CODEN: SEAPA
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Soc. Pet. Eng. AIME, Pap.; (United States); Journal Volume: SPE-10889; Conference: SPE of AIME Rocky Mountain regular meeting, Billings, MT, USA, 19 May 1982
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
02 PETROLEUM; HYDRAULIC FRACTURING; PROPPING AGENTS; OIL WELLS; BAUXITE; ENHANCED RECOVERY; PETROLEUM; SAND; ALUMINIUM ORES; COMMINUTION; ENERGY SOURCES; FOSSIL FUELS; FRACTURING; FUELS; ORES; RECOVERY; WELLS 020300* -- Petroleum-- Drilling & Production