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Title: Development of a teleoperated backhoe for buried waste excavation

For nearly five decades the United States (US) Department of Energy (DOE) and its predecessor agencies have engaged in broad-based research and development activities as well as nuclear weapons component production. As a by-product of these activities, large quantities of waste materials have been granted. One of the most common approaches used for solid waste storage was to bury waste containers in pits and trenches. With the current emphasis on environmental restoration, DOE now plans to either retrieve much of the legacy of buried waste or stabilize the waste in place via in situ vitrification or other means. Because of the variety of materials that have been buried over the years, the hazards of retrieval are significant if performed using conventional manned operations. The potential hazards, in addition to radiation exposure, include pyrophorics, toxic chemicals, and explosives. Although manifests exist for much of the buried waste, these records are often incomplete compared to today's requirements. Because of the potential hazards and uncertainty about waste contents and container integrity, it is highly desirable to excavate these wastes using remotely operated equipment. In this paper the authors describe the development of a teleoperated military tractor called the Small Emplacement Excavator (SEE). Developmentmore » of the SEE is being funded jointly by both DOE and the US Army. The DOE sponsor is the Office of Technology Development (OTD) Robotics Program. The US Army sponsor is the Program Manager for Ammunition Logistics, Picatinny Arsenal. The primary interest for DOE is in the application to remote excavation of buried waste, while the primary emphasis for the US Army is in the remote retrieval of unexploded ordnance. Technical requirements for these two tasks are very similar and, therefore, justify a joint development project. 1 ref.« less
Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5183424
Report Number(s):
CONF-920851-2
ON: DE92010543
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-84OR21400
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Spectrum 92: nuclear and hazardous waste management international topical meeting, Boise, ID (United States), 23-27 Aug 1992
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
DOE; DOD; USDOE, Washington, DC (United States); Department of Defense, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; EARTHMOVING EQUIPMENT; DESIGN; EXPLOSIVES; EXCAVATION; HAZARDOUS MATERIALS; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; REMOTE CONTROL; VEHICLES; WASTE DISPOSAL; CONTROL; EQUIPMENT; MANAGEMENT; MATERIALS; MATERIALS HANDLING EQUIPMENT; RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTES 420203* -- Engineering-- Handling Equipment & Procedures