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Title: Environmental control technology survey of selected US strip mining sites. Volume 2B. Alabama. Water quality impacts and overburden chemistry of Alabama study site

As part of a program to examine the ability of existing control technologies to meet federal guidelines for the quality of aqueous effluents from coal mines, an intensive study of water, coal, and overburden chemistry was conducted at a surface coal mine in Alabama from May 1976 through July 1977. Sampling sites included the pit sump, a stream downgrade from the mine, the discharge from the water treatment facility, and a small stream outside the mine drainage. Water samples were collected every two weeks by Argonne subcontractors at the Alabama Geological Survey and analysed for the following parameters: specific conductance, pH, temperature, acidity, bicarbonate, carbonate, chloride, total dissolved solids, suspended solids, sulfate, and 20 metals. Analysis of the coal and overburden shows that no potential acid problem exists at this mine. Water quality is good in both streams sampled, and high levels of dissolved elements are found only in water collected from the pit sump. The mine effluent is in compliance with Office of Surface Mining water quality standards.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5170786
Report Number(s):
ANL/EMR-2(Vol.2B)
DOE Contract Number:
W-31-109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; ALABAMA; SURFACE MINING; ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS; CHEMICAL ANALYSIS; ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; GEOLOGY; HYDROLOGY; MONITORING; OVERBURDEN; PH VALUE; POLLUTION CONTROL; SAMPLING; TABLES; WASTE WATER; WATER QUALITY; WATER TREATMENT; DATA; DATA FORMS; ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES; ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; INFORMATION; LIQUID WASTES; MINING; NORTH AMERICA; NUMERICAL DATA; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PHYSICAL PROPERTIES; SOUTHEAST REGION; USA; WASTES; WATER 010900* -- Coal, Lignite, & Peat-- Environmental Aspects; 012000 -- Coal, Lignite, & Peat-- Mining