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Title: Nucleate boiling in drag-reducing polymer solutions

Two types of experiment have been done to study the effects of polymer additives in nucleate boiling for plates and wires. Here, boiling on a flat surface is simulated by placing a flat unheated surface immediately underneath an electrically heated platinum wire. Saturated nucleate pool boiling curves were measured for water and solutions of six different polymers at various concentrations. For a bare wire and a simulated flat surface, the nucleate boiling curves are qualitatively similar. For equal heat fluxes, the temperature difference increases as the relative viscosity increases, although the temperature difference for the simulated flat surface is less than that for the bare wire. The observed changes in the nucleate boiling curves for polymer solutions are in qualitative agreement with those predicted using the Rohsenow correlation to account for change in the solution viscosity. These results show that for both wires and simulated flat surfaces, drag-reducing additives will reduce the heat transfer rate in nucleate boiling. Bubble dynamics on the heated wire and simulated flat surface were also measured using a high speed movie camera for water and Separan AP-30 at a relative viscosity of 1.16. The data were used to determine the relative contribution to the boilingmore » heat flux of latent heat transport by bubbles, natural convection heat transfer, and enhanced convection heat transfer.« less
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5136565
Resource Type:
Thesis/Dissertation
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Thesis (Ph. D.)
Publisher:
Univ. of Wisconsin,Madison, WI
Research Org:
Stanford Univ., CA (USA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; NUCLEATE BOILING; HEAT TRANSFER; PLATES; WIRES; ADDITIVES; AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS; POLYMERS; SURFACES; BOILING; DISPERSIONS; ENERGY TRANSFER; MIXTURES; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; SOLUTIONS 420400* -- Engineering-- Heat Transfer & Fluid Flow