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Title: Evacuation decision-making: process and uncertainty

The purpose was to describe the processes of evacuation decision-making, identify and document uncertainties in that process and discuss implications for federal assumption of liability for precautionary evacuations at nuclear facilities under the Price-Anderson Act. Four major categories of uncertainty are identified concerning the interpretation of hazard, communication problems, perceived impacts of evacuation decisions and exogenous influences. Over 40 historical accounts are reviewed and cases of these uncertainties are documented. The major findings are that all levels of government, including federal agencies experience uncertainties in some evacuation situations. Second, private sector organizations are subject to uncertainties at a variety of decision points. Third, uncertainties documented in the historical record have provided the grounds for liability although few legal actions have ensued. Finally it is concluded that if liability for evacuations is assumed by the federal government, the concept of a ''precautionary'' evacuation is not useful in establishing criteria for that assumption. 55 refs., 1 fig., 4 tabs.
Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5111169
Report Number(s):
ORNL/TM-9692
ON: DE86001466
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-84OR21400
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; 11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; DECISION MAKING; PROBABILITY; EVACUATION; CIVIL LIABILITY; NUCLEAR FACILITIES; PRICE-ANDERSON ACT; LAWS; LIABILITIES 290600* -- Energy Planning & Policy-- Nuclear Energy; 054000 -- Nuclear Fuels-- Health & Safety