Evacuation decision-making: process and uncertainty
The purpose was to describe the processes of evacuation decision-making, identify and document uncertainties in that process and discuss implications for federal assumption of liability for precautionary evacuations at nuclear facilities under the Price-Anderson Act. Four major categories of uncertainty are identified concerning the interpretation of hazard, communication problems, perceived impacts of evacuation decisions and exogenous influences. Over 40 historical accounts are reviewed and cases of these uncertainties are documented. The major findings are that all levels of government, including federal agencies experience uncertainties in some evacuation situations. Second, private sector organizations are subject to uncertainties at a variety of decision points. Third, uncertainties documented in the historical record have provided the grounds for liability although few legal actions have ensued. Finally it is concluded that if liability for evacuations is assumed by the federal government, the concept of a ''precautionary'' evacuation is not useful in establishing criteria for that assumption. 55 refs., 1 fig., 4 tabs.
- Publication Date:
- OSTI Identifier:
- Report Number(s):
- DOE Contract Number:
- Resource Type:
- Technical Report
- Research Org:
- Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; 11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; DECISION MAKING; PROBABILITY; EVACUATION; CIVIL LIABILITY; NUCLEAR FACILITIES; PRICE-ANDERSON ACT; LAWS; LIABILITIES 290600* -- Energy Planning & Policy-- Nuclear Energy; 054000 -- Nuclear Fuels-- Health & Safety
Enter terms in the toolbar above to search the full text of this document for pages containing specific keywords.