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Title: Biotechnology and genetic selection of fast-growing hardwoods

Hybrid poplar have been shown to be useful for a wide variety of products. Their fast growth and ease in maintaining desirable genetic character make hybrid poplar highly suited to intensive culture systems. This study was initiated to evaluate a genetic selection trail consisting of 54 hybrid poplar clones and to locate and sample eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides Bartr.) trees for obtainment of scion material to be included in a poplar germplasm archive for future breeding purposes. Because the basis of an effective and cost efficient fast-growing hardwood plantation program is a gene pool with a broad genetic base, the quality and diversity of the genetic resource are of prime concern to the long-term success of biotechnology, agroforestry programs. Additionally, tests of the captured gene pool in site-specific genetic selection and clone-site trials are the necessary successive steps to establish a viable woody crop biomass program. The current project sought to address both of these basic issues so as to improve management opportunities for short-rotation hybrid poplar energy plantations in New York State. Results of the studies showed that short rotation intensive culture hybrid poplar systems are feasible in New York State, and can be successfully used if proper sitemore » conditions exist and appropriate establishment and maintenance techniques are used.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. (State Univ. of New York, Albany, NY (USA). Research Foundation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5105365
Report Number(s):
NYSERDA-89-11
ON: TI90006294
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
New York State Energy Research and Development Authority, Albany, NY (USA); State Univ. of New York, Albany, NY (USA). Research Foundation
Sponsoring Org:
GRI; NYGG; NYSERDA; SUNY
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; BIOMASS; TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT; PLANT GROWTH; OPTIMIZATION; POPLARS; EVALUATION; BIOTECHNOLOGY; DISEASE RESISTANCE; GENETIC VARIABILITY; GENETICS; HYBRIDIZATION; PLANT DISEASES; PROGRESS REPORT; SYNTHETIC FUELS; WOOD FUELS; BIOLOGICAL VARIABILITY; BIOLOGY; DOCUMENT TYPES; ENERGY SOURCES; FUELS; GROWTH; MAGNOLIOPHYTA; MAGNOLIOPSIDA; PLANTS; RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES; TREES 090800* -- Biomass Fuels-- Production-- (1990-)