Procedure for developing biological input for the design, location, or modification of water-intake structures
To minimize adverse impact on aquatic ecosystems resulting from the operation of water intake structures, design engineers must have relevant information on the behavior, physiology and ecology of local fish and shellfish. Identification of stimulus/response relationships and the environmental factors that influence them is the first step in incorporating biological information in the design, location or modification of water intake structures. A procedure is presented in this document for providing biological input to engineers who are designing, locating or modifying a water intake structure. The authors discuss sources of stimuli at water intakes, historical approaches in assessing potential/actual impact and review biological information needed for intake design.
- Publication Date:
- OSTI Identifier:
- Report Number(s):
- PNL-3688; FWS/OBS-82/13.1
- DOE Contract Number:
- Resource Type:
- Technical Report
- Research Org:
- Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA)
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; INTAKE STRUCTURES; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; DESIGN; AQUATIC ORGANISMS; COOLING SYSTEMS; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; IMPINGEMENT; INTAKE CANALS; ENERGY SYSTEMS; MECHANICAL STRUCTURES 200101* -- Fossil-Fueled Power Plants-- Cooling & Heat Transfer Equipment & Systems; 520100 -- Environment, Aquatic-- Basic Studies-- (-1989); 200200 -- Fossil-Fueled Power Plants-- Waste Management
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