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Title: An empirical analysis of exposure-based regulation to abate toxic air pollution

Title III of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments requires the Environmental Protection Agency to regulate 189 air toxics, including emissions from by-product coke ovens. Economists criticize the inefficiency of uniform standards, but Title III makes no provision for flexible regulatory instruments. Environmental health scientists suggest that population exposure, not necessarily ambient air quality, should motivate environmental air pollution policies. Using an engineering-economic model of the United States steel industry, we estimate that an exposure-based policy can achieve the same level of public health as coke oven emissions standards and can reduce compliance costs by up to 60.0%. 18 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
486346
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Environmental Economics and Management; Journal Volume: 31; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: PBD: Nov 1996
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; 29 ENERGY PLANNING AND POLICY; AIR POLLUTION; EMISSION; COKE OVENS; AIR POLLUTION CONTROL; COKE; COMBUSTION; PUBLIC HEALTH; ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY; POLLUTION REGULATIONS; METAL INDUSTRY