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Title: In situ air sparging for bioremediation of groundwater and soils

Activities at a former petroleum products depot resulted in the hydrocarbon contamination of soil and groundwater over a 30,000-m{sup 2} area. Site remediation activities consisted of three phases: site-specific characterization and treatability study, pilot-scale testing, and full-scale bioremediation. During Phase 1, a series of site/soil/waste characterizations was undertaken to ascertain the degree of site contamination and to determine soil physical/chemical and microbiological characteristics. Treatability studies were carried out to simulate an air sparging process in laboratory-scale columns. Results indicated 42% mineral oil and grease removal and 94% benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) removal over an 8-week period. The removal rate was higher in the unsaturated zone than in the saturated zone. Phase 2 involved pilot-scale testing over a 550-m{sup 2} area. The radius of influence of the air sparge points was evaluated through measurements of dissolved oxygen concentrations in the groundwater and of groundwater mounding. A full-scale air sparging system (Phase 3) was installed on site and has been operational since early 1994. Physical/chemical and microbiological parameters, and contaminants were analyzed to evaluate the system performance.
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Biogenie, Inc., Sainte-Foy, Quebec (Canada)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
467730
Report Number(s):
CONF-950483--
ISBN 1-57477-003-9; TRN: 97:008319
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 3. international in situ and on-site bioreclamation symposium, San Diego, CA (United States), 24-27 Apr 1995; Other Information: PBD: 1995; Related Information: Is Part Of In situ aeration: Air sparging, bioventing, and related remediation process; Hinchee, R.E. [ed.] [Battelle Memorial Inst., Columbus, OH (United States)]; Miller, R.N. [ed.] [Air Force Center for Environmental Excellence, Brooks AFB, TX (United States)]; Johnson, P.C. [ed.] [Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States)]; PB: 630 p.; Bioremediation, Volume 3(2)
Publisher:
Battelle Press, Columbus, OH (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
02 PETROLEUM; REMEDIAL ACTION; HYDROCARBONS; BIODEGRADATION; IN-SITU PROCESSING; GAS INJECTION; OIL SPILLS; SITE CHARACTERIZATION; PERFORMANCE TESTING