Photoelectrochemical hydrogen production
The large-scale production of hydrogen utilizing energy provided by a renewable source to split water is one of the most ambitious long-term goals of the U.S. Department of Energy`s Hydrogen Program. One promising option to meet this goal is direct photoelectrolysis in which light absorbed by semiconductor-based photoelectrodes produces electrical power internally to split water into hydrogen and oxygen. Under this program, direct solar-to-chemical conversion efficiencies as high as 7.8 % have been demonstrated using low-cost, amorphous-silicon-based photoelectrodes. Detailed loss analysis models indicate that solar-to-chemical conversion greater than 10% can be achieved with amorphous-silicon-based structures optimized for hydrogen production. In this report, the authors describe the continuing progress in the development of thin-film catalytic/protective coatings, results of outdoor testing, and efforts to develop high efficiency, stable prototype systems.
- Publication Date:
- OSTI Identifier:
- Report Number(s):
- NREL/CP--430-21968-Vol.1; CONF-9605195--Vol.1
ON: DE97000053; TRN: 97:001172-0017
- Resource Type:
- Resource Relation:
- Conference: 1996 annual hydrogen peer review for DOE, Miami, FL (United States), 1-3 May 1996; Other Information: PBD: Oct 1996; Related Information: Is Part Of Proceedings of the 1996 US DOE hydrogen program review. Volume 1; PB: 575 p.
- Research Org:
- National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 08 HYDROGEN FUEL; PHOTOELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS; HYDROGEN PRODUCTION; SILICON; AMORPHOUS STATE
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