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Title: Fluorescent ballast and lamp disposal issues

All around the world, governments, utility companies, and private businesses are attempting to reduce the amount of energy consumed. In the US alone, new economic strategies and programs are being created to facilitate this process. For instance, the recent enactment of the National Energy Policy Act, the Environmental Protection Agency`s (EPA) Green Lights Program, and a surge of utility involvement in Demand Side Management (DSM) Commercial/Industrial Direct Install and Rebate Programs. Many of these problems target commercial/industrial lighting system retrofits as one of the most cost effective avenues for reducing the consumption of energy. Due to this trend, hundreds of millions of lighting ballasts and lamps are being discarded. The benefits of these programs result in enormous reductions in fossil fuels (and subsequent carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxide emissions) required to generate the displaced electricity. Throughout the US, however, there is an increasing concern for the environmental impacts surrounding the accelerated disposal of both lighting ballasts and lamps. Regulations initially established were for a one by one, retirement (failure) process rather than promoted obsolescence and forced retirement of lamp groups or entire systems (truckloads of old technologies). Recognizing this trend and the potential negative environmental effects, federal, state,more » and local regulators are reevaluating the impacts and are being asked to promulgate policies to specifically address this situation.« less
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Alta Resource Management Services, Inc., Springfield, MA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
404362
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Energy Engineering; Journal Volume: 93; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: PBD: 1996
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 29 ENERGY PLANNING AND POLICY; FLUORESCENT LAMPS; WASTE MANAGEMENT; BALLASTS; ENERGY EFFICIENCY; LIGHTING SYSTEMS; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; POLLUTION REGULATIONS