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Title: Modeling water retention of sludge simulants and actual saltcake tank wastes

The Ferrocyanide Tanks Safety Program managed by Westinghouse hanford Company has been concerned with the potential combustion hazard of dry tank wastes containing ferrocyanide chemical in combination with nitrate salts. Pervious studies have shown that tank waste containing greater than 20 percent of weight as water could not be accidentally ignited. Moreover, a sustained combustion could not be propagated in such a wet waste even if it contained enough ferrocyanide to burn. Because moisture content is a key critical factor determining the safety of ferrocyanide-containing tank wastes, physical modeling was performed by Pacific Northwest National laboratory to evaluate the moisture-retaining behavior of typical tank wastes. The physical modeling reported here has quantified the mechanisms by which two main types of tank waste, sludge and saltcake, retain moisture in a tank profile under static conditions. Static conditions usually prevail after a tank profile has been stabilized by pumping out any excess interstitial liquid, which is not naturally retained by the waste as a result of physical forces such as capillarity.
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
390545
Report Number(s):
PNNL--10831
ON: DE96050376; TRN: 96:028345
DOE Contract Number:
AC06-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Jul 1996
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
05 NUCLEAR FUELS; HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES; UNDERGROUND STORAGE; TANKS; SAFETY; FERROCYANIDES; FLAMMABILITY; MOISTURE; SLUDGES; NITRATES; EVAPORATION; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION