skip to main content

Title: Develop improved metal hydride technology for the storage of hydrogen. Final technical report

The overall objective was to develop commercially viable metal hydrides capable of reversibly storing at least 3 wt.% hydrogen for use with PEM fuel cells and hydrogen fueled internal combustion engine (HICE) applications. Such alloys are expected to result in system capacities of greater than 2 wt.%, making metal hydride storage systems (MHSS`s) a practical means of supplying hydrogen for many consumer applications. ECD`s (Energy Conversion Devices, Inc.) past work on sputtered thin films of transition metal-based alloys led to the commercialization of it`s nickel/metal hydride batteries, and similar work on thin film Mg-based alloys demonstrated potential to achieve very high gravimetric and volumetric energy densities approaching 2,500 Wh/Kg and 2,500 Wh/M{sup 3} respectively. Under this 2-year cost shared project with the DOE, the authors have successfully demonstrated the feasibility of scaling up the Mg-based hydrides from thin film to bulk production without substantial loss of storage capacity. ECD made progress in alloy development by means of compositional and process modification. Processes used include Mechanical Alloying, Melt spinning and novel Gas Phase Condensation. It was showed that the same composition when prepared by melt-spinning resulted in a more homogeneous material having a higher PCT plateau pressure as compared to mechanicalmore » alloying. It was also shown that mechanically alloyed Mg-Al-Zn results in much higher plateau pressures, which is an important step towards reducing the desorption temperature. While significant progress has been made during the past two years in alloy development and understanding the relationship between composition, structure, morphology, and processing parameters, additional R and D needs to be performed to achieve the goals of this work.« less
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
344962
Report Number(s):
DOE/GO/10145--T1
ON: DE99002086; TRN: AHC29919%%5
DOE Contract Number:
FC36-96GO10145
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 4 Dec 1998
Research Org:
Energy Conversion Devices, Inc., Troy, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN FUEL; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; 33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; PROGRESS REPORT; HYDROGEN STORAGE; MAGNESIUM ALLOYS; ALUMINIUM ALLOYS; ZINC ALLOYS; SOLID ELECTROLYTE FUEL CELLS; INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES; MILLING; SORPTIVE PROPERTIES; EXPERIMENTAL DATA