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Title: Ion and Neutral Species in C(2)F(6) and CHF(3) Dielectric Etch Discharges

Relative concentrations of reactive ions, neutral radicals, resist and substrate etch products have been measured in dielectric etch chemistries using an uncollided beam mass spectrometer / ion extractor from Hiden Analytical. Analysis techniques employed include both electron impact ionization and dissociative ionization of neutral gas, and potential bias extraction of positive ions from the reactor discharge volume. Measurements were made in C{sub 2}F{sub 6} and CHF{sub 3} discharges in an inductively coupled plasma (ICP-GEC) research reactor operating with power densities, pressures, gas compositions and wafer materials typical of those found in etch processing tools. Wafer substrates investigated included blanket silicon wafers and silicon wafers with varying amounts of photo-resist coverage of the surface (20%, 80% and 100%). In C{sub 2}F{sub 6} discharges CF{sub 3}{sup +} was consistently the dominant fluorocarbon ion present, in agreement with published cross sections for dissociative ionization [ 1,2.3,4.5,6]. Smaller concentrations of CF+, CF{sub 2}{sup -}, and C{sub 2}F{sub 5}{sup +}, were also observed, though the dissociative ionization production of C{sub 2}F{sub 5}{sup +} was a factor of five smaller than would be expected from published cross section values. The presence of photo-resist, even in small amounts, was found to produce marked changes in the dischargemore » composition. For example in C{sub 2}F{sub 6} discharges, concentrations of SiF{sub x} etch products relative to concentrations of C{sub x}F{sub y} species were notably diminished and larger concentrations of water vapor were observed when resist was present. In CHF{sub 3} discharges, CF{sub 3}{sup +} and CHF{sub 2}{sup +} were found to be the main species present, along with smaller concentrations of CF{sub 2}{sup +}, CF{sup +}, CHF{sup +}, CH{sup +} and F{sup -}.« less
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
ON: DE00003221
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal Vacuum Science and Technology
Research Org:
Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, and Livermore, CA
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
40 CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Ions; Radicals; Coatings; Substrates; Concentration Ratio; Etching