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Title: Feasibility of an anticipatory noncontact precrash restraint actuation system

The problem of providing an electronic warning of an impending crash to a precrash restraint system a fraction of a second before physical contact differs from more widely explored problems, such as providing several seconds of crash warning to a driver. One approach to precrash restraint sensing is to apply anticipatory system theory. This consists of nested simplified models of the system to be controlled and of the system`s environment. It requires sensory information to describe the ``current state`` of the system and the environment. The models use the sensory data to make a faster-than-real-time prediction about the near future. Anticipation theory is well founded but rarely used. A major problem is to extract real-time current-state information from inexpensive sensors. Providing current-state information to the nested models is the weakest element of the system. Therefore, sensors and real-time processing of sensor signals command the most attention in an assessment of system feasibility. This paper describes problem definition, potential ``showstoppers,`` and ways to overcome them. It includes experiments showing that inexpensive radar is a practical sensing element. It considers fast and inexpensive algorithms to extract information from sensor data.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Instrumentation and Controls Div.
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
226078
Report Number(s):
CONF-9510189--9
ON: DE96009391; TRN: AHC29610%%120
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-84OR21400
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Phototonics East `95, Philadelphia, PA (United States), 22-26 Oct 1995; Other Information: PBD: [1995]
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Department of Transportation, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING NOT INCLUDED IN OTHER CATEGORIES; ACTUATORS; DESIGN; ENGINEERED SAFETY SYSTEMS; VEHICLES; SAFETY ENGINEERING; MONITORS; DATA PROCESSING; REAL TIME SYSTEMS; RADAR; DATA ANALYSIS; PROBABILISTIC ESTIMATION; ACCIDENTS; FEASIBILITY STUDIES