skip to main content

Title: Effect of silver on the shape of palladium nanoparticles

We report a facile route to prepare palladium-silver nanoparticles at considerably low temperature. First the controlled synthesis of palladium nanoparticles was performed via reduction of sodium tetrachloropalladate (II) in ethylene glycol in the presence of PVP(polyvinylpyrrolidone) as capping agent. The reaction was carried out at three different temperatures-80°C, 100°C and 120°C for one hour. Short reaction time and low synthesis temperature adds advantage to this method over others. Formed palladium nanoparticles were nearly spherical with the average particle size of 7.5±0.5 nm, 9.5±0.5 nm and 10.5±0.5 nm at 80°C, 100°C and 120°C respectively. Secondly, the palladium-silver nanoparticles were prepared by the simultaneous reduction of palladium and silver from their respective precursors in ethylene glycol at 100°C (optimized temperature). The shape and size distribution was studied by TEM (Transmission Electron Microscopy). The role of silver in transforming the shape of palladium nanoparticles from spherical to triangular has been discussed. Spherical symmetry of palladium nanoparticles is disturbed by the interaction of silver ions on the crystal facets of palladium nanoparticles. From UV-vis spectra, the absorption maxima of palladium nanoparticles at 205 nm and absorption maxima of palladium-silver nanoparticles at 272 nm revealed the partial evidence of their formation.
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Jaypee University of Information Technology, Waknaghat, Distt. Solan-173234 (H.P.) (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22606586
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1728; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: ICC 2015: International conference on condensed matter and applied physics, Bikaner (India), 30-31 Oct 2015; Other Information: (c) 2016 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; ABSORPTION; CRYSTALS; DISTRIBUTION; ELECTRONS; ETHYLENE; GLYCOLS; NANOPARTICLES; PALLADIUM; PARTICLE SIZE; PVP; REDUCTION; SILVER; SILVER IONS; SPHERICAL CONFIGURATION; SYMMETRY; SYNTHESIS; TRANSMISSION; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; ULTRAVIOLET SPECTRA; VISIBLE SPECTRA