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Title: A high-stability non-contact dilatometer for low-amplitude temperature-modulated measurements

Temperature modulated thermophysical measurements can deliver valuable insights into the phase transformation behavior of many different materials. While especially for non-metallic systems at low temperatures numerous powerful methods exist, no high-temperature device suitable for modulated measurements of bulk metallic alloy samples is available for routine use. In this work a dilatometer for temperature modulated isothermal and non-isothermal measurements in the temperature range from room temperature to 1300 K is presented. The length measuring system is based on a two-beam Michelson laser interferometer with an incremental resolution of 20 pm. The non-contact measurement principle allows for resolving sinusoidal length change signals with amplitudes in the sub-500 nm range and physically decouples the length measuring system from the temperature modulation and heating control. To demonstrate the low-amplitude capabilities, results for the thermal expansion of nickel for two different modulation frequencies are presented. These results prove that the novel method can be used to routinely resolve length-change signals of metallic samples with temperature amplitudes well below 1 K. This high resolution in combination with the non-contact measurement principle significantly extends the application range of modulated dilatometry towards high-stability phase transformation measurements on complex alloys.
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Institute of Materials Physics, Graz University of Technology, A-8010 Graz (Austria)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22597810
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 87; Journal Issue: 7; Other Information: (c) 2016 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ALLOYS; AMPLITUDES; DILATOMETRY; HEATING; INTERFEROMETERS; LASERS; LENGTH; MEASURING METHODS; NICKEL; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; SIGNALS; STABILITY; TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0065-0273 K; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0400-1000 K; THERMAL EXPANSION