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Title: THE PHYSICAL NATURE AND ORBITAL BEHAVIOR OF THE ECLIPSING SYSTEM DK CYGNI

New CCD photometry is presented for the hot overcontact binary DK Cyg together with reasonable explanations for the light and period variations. Historical light and velocity curves from 1962 to 2012 were simultaneously analyzed with the Wilson–Devinney (W–D) synthesis code. The brightness disturbances were satisfactorily modeled by applying a magnetic cool spot on the primary star. Based on 261 times of minimum light that include 116 new timings and span more than 87 years, a period study reveals that the orbital period has varied due to a periodic oscillation superimposed on an upward parabola. The period and semi-amplitude of the modulation are about 78.1 years and 0.0037 days, respectively. This detail is interpreted as a light-travel-time effect due to a circumbinary companion with a minimum mass of M{sub 3} = 0.065 M{sub ⊙}, within the theoretical limit of ∼0.07 M{sub ⊙} for a brown dwarf star. The observed period increase at a fractional rate of +2.74 × 10{sup −10} is in excellent agreement with that calculated from our W–D synthesis. Mass transfer from the secondary to the primary component is mainly responsible for the secular period change. We examined the evolutionary status of the DK Cyg system from the absolutemore » dimensions.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daejeon 305-348 (Korea, Republic of)
  2. Astronomical Institute, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague, 180 00 Praha 8, V Holešovičkách 2 (Czech Republic)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22520215
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astronomical Journal (Online); Journal Volume: 149; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; BINARY STARS; BRIGHTNESS; CHARGE-COUPLED DEVICES; DWARF STARS; ECLIPSE; MASS TRANSFER; MODULATION; OSCILLATIONS; PERIODICITY; PHOTOMETRY; STARSPOTS; VISIBLE RADIATION