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Title: LOW-METALLICITY YOUNG CLUSTERS IN THE OUTER GALAXY. I. Sh 2-207

To study star formation in low-metallicity environments ([M/H] ∼ −1 dex), we obtained deep near-infrared (NIR) images of Sh 2-207 (S207), which is an H ii region in the outer Galaxy with a spectroscopically determined metallicity of [O/H] ≃ −0.8 dex. We identified a young cluster in the western region of S207 with a limiting magnitude of K{sub S} = 19.0 mag (10σ) that corresponds to a mass detection limit of ≲0.1 M{sub ⊙} and enables the comparison of star-forming properties under low metallicity with those of the solar neighborhood. From the fitting of the K-band luminosity function (KLF), the age and distance of the S207 cluster are estimated at 2–3 Myr and ∼4 kpc, respectively. The estimated age is consistent with the suggestion of small extinctions of stars in the cluster (A{sub V} ∼ 3 mag) and the non-detection of molecular clouds. The reasonably good fit between the observed KLF and the model KLF suggests that the underlying initial mass function (IMF) of the cluster down to the detection limit is not significantly different from the typical IMFs in the solar metallicity. From the fraction of stars with NIR excesses, a low disk fraction (<10%) in the cluster with a relatively young age is suggested, as wemore » had previously proposed.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Department of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)
  2. Institute of Astronomy, School of Science, University of Tokyo, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-0015 (Japan)
  3. Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States)
  4. Nobeyama Radio Observatory, 462-2 Nobeyama, Minamimaki-mura, Minamisaku-gun, Nagano 384-1305 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22520005
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astronomical Journal (Online); Journal Volume: 151; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; GALAXIES; IMAGES; LUMINOSITY; MASS; METALLICITY; NEAR INFRARED RADIATION; PROTOPLANETS; STAR CLUSTERS; STAR EVOLUTION; STARS