skip to main content

Title: A MODEL OF THE HELIOSPHERE WITH JETS

An analytic model of the heliosheath (HS) between the termination shock (TS) and the heliopause (HP) is developed in the limit in which the interstellar flow and magnetic field are neglected. The heliosphere in this limit is axisymmetric and the overall structure of the HS and HP is controlled by the solar magnetic field even in the limit in which the ratio of the plasma to magnetic field pressure, β = 8πP/B{sup 2}, in the HS is large. The tension of the solar magnetic field produces a drop in the total pressure between the TS and the HP. This same pressure drop accelerates the plasma flow downstream of the TS into the north and south directions to form two collimated jets. The radii of these jets are controlled by the flow through the TS and the acceleration of this flow by the magnetic field—a stronger solar magnetic field boosts the velocity of the jets and reduces the radii of the jets and the HP. MHD simulations of the global heliosphere embedded in a stationary interstellar medium match well with the analytic model. The results suggest that mechanisms that reduce the HS plasma pressure downstream of the TS can enhance themore » jet outflow velocity and reduce the HP radius to values more consistent with the Voyager 1 observations than in current global models.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. University of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)
  2. Astronomy Department, Boston University, Boston, MA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22518920
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal Letters; Journal Volume: 808; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ACCELERATION; AXIAL SYMMETRY; HELIOSPHERE; INTERSTELLAR SPACE; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS; PLASMA PRESSURE; PRESSURE DROP; SUN; VELOCITY; VOYAGER SPACE PROBES