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Title: TOWARD PRECISION PHOTOMETRY FOR THE ELT ERA: THE DOUBLE SUBGIANT BRANCH OF NGC 1851 OBSERVED WITH THE GEMINI/GeMS MCAO SYSTEM

The Extremely Large Telescopes currently under construction have a collecting area that is an order of magnitude larger than the present largest optical telescopes. For seeing-limited observations the performance will scale as the collecting area, but with the successful use of adaptive optics (AO), for many applications it will scale as D{sup 4} (where D is the diameter of the primary mirror). Central to the success of the ELTs, therefore, is the successful use of multi-conjugate adaptive optics (MCAO) which applies a high degree of correction over a field of view larger than the few arcseconds that limits classical AO systems. In this Letter, we report on the analysis of crowded field images taken on the central region of the galactic globular cluster NGC 1851 in the K{sub s} band using the Gemini Multi-conjugate Adaptive Optics System (GeMS) at the Gemini South Telescope, the only science-grade MCAO system in operation. We use this cluster as a benchmark to verify the ability to achieve precise near-infrared photometry by presenting the deepest K{sub s} photometry in crowded fields ever obtained from the ground. We construct a color–magnitude diagram in combination with the F606W band from the Hubble Space Telescope/Advanced Camera for Surveys.more » As well as detecting the “knee” in the lower main sequence at K{sub s} ≃ 20.5, we also detect the double subgiant branch of NGC 1851, which demonstrates the high photometric accuracy of GeMS in crowded fields.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ; ; ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, 3800 Finnerty Road, Victoria, BC V8P 5C2 (Canada)
  2. Herzberg Astronomy and Astrophysics, National Research Council Canada, 5071 West Saanich Road, Victoria, BC V9E 2E7 (Canada)
  3. Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, Via Ranzani 1, I-40127 Bologna (Italy)
  4. Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Roma Tor Vergata, Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, I-00133 Roma (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22518883
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal Letters; Journal Volume: 811; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; CAMERAS; CORRECTIONS; DIAGRAMS; EV RANGE; GALAXIES; MIRRORS; NEAR INFRARED RADIATION; OPERATION; OPTICS; PHOTOMETRY; SPACE; STAR CLUSTERS; TELESCOPES