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Title: A BARYONIC EFFECT ON THE MERGER TIMESCALE OF GALAXY CLUSTERS

Accurate estimation of the merger timescales of galaxy clusters is important for understanding the cluster merger process and further understanding the formation and evolution of the large-scale structure of the universe. In this paper, we explore a baryonic effect on the merger timescale of galaxy clusters by using hydrodynamical simulations. We find that the baryons play an important role in accelerating the merger process. The merger timescale decreases upon increasing the gas fraction of galaxy clusters. For example, the merger timescale is shortened by a factor of up to 3 for merging clusters with gas fractions of 0.15, compared with the timescale obtained with 0 gas fractions. The baryonic effect is significant for a wide range of merger parameters and is particularly more significant for nearly head-on mergers and high merging velocities. The baryonic effect on the merger timescale of galaxy clusters is expected to have an impact on the structure formation in the universe, such as the cluster mass function and massive substructures in galaxy clusters, and a bias of “no-gas” may exist in the results obtained from the dark matter-only cosmological simulations.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University, Beijing, 100871 (China)
  2. National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100012 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22518559
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 820; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; BARYONS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; GALACTIC EVOLUTION; GALAXY CLUSTERS; HYDRODYNAMICS; MASS; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; UNIVERSE; VELOCITY