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Title: Green Chemistry for Nanotechnology: Opportunities and Future Challenges

Nanotechnology is a paradigm for emerging technologies and much talked about area of science. It is the technology of future and has revolutionized all fields of medicine, agriculture, environmental and electronics by providing abilities that would never have previously dreamt of. It is a unique platform of multidisciplinary approaches integrating diverse fields of engineering, biology, physics and chemistry. In recent years, nanotechnology has seen the fastest pace in its all aspects of synthesis methodologies and wide applications in all areas of medicine, agricultural, environmental, and electronics. It is the impact of nanotechnology approaches that new fields of nanomedicine, cancer nanotechnology, nanorobotics and nanoelectronics have been emerged and are flourishing with the advances in this expanding field. Nanotechnology holds the potential for pervasive and promising applications and getting significant attention and financial aids also. Although there are different definitions of nanotechnology, in broad prospective, nanotechnology can be described as designing or exploiting materials at nanometer dimensions (i.e., one dimension less than 100 nanometers). At nanoscale, substances have a larger surface area to volume ratio than conventional materials which is the prime reason behind their increased level of reactivity, improved and size tunable magnetic, optical and electrical properties and more toxicity also.
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Combichem Bioresource Center, National Chemical Laboratory, Pune (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22504546
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Research and Reviews: Journal of Chemistry; Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Copyright: (c) 2016 Preeti Nigam Joshi; This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
India
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; AGRICULTURE; ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES; NANOELECTRONICS; NANOSTRUCTURES; NANOTECHNOLOGY; NEOPLASMS; REACTIVITY; SURFACE AREA; SYNTHESIS; TOXICITY