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Title: A new form of Ca{sub 3}P{sub 2} with a ring of Dirac nodes

We report the synthesis and crystal structure of a new high-temperature form of Ca{sub 3}P{sub 2}. The crystal structure was determined through Rietveld refinements of synchrotron powder x-ray diffraction data. This form of Ca{sub 3}P{sub 2} has a crystal structure of the hexagonal Mn{sub 5}Si{sub 3} type, with a Ca ion deficiency compared to the ideal 5:3 stoichiometry. This yields a stable, charge-balanced compound of Ca{sup 2+} and P{sup 3−}. We also report the observation of a secondary hydride phase, Ca{sub 5}P{sub 3}H, which again is a charge-balanced compound. The calculated band structure of Ca{sub 3}P{sub 2} indicates that it is a three-dimensional Dirac semimetal with a highly unusual ring of Dirac nodes at the Fermi level. The Dirac states are protected against gap opening by a mirror plane in a manner analogous to what is seen for graphene.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22499235
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: APL Materials; Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 8; Other Information: (c) 2015 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; CALCIUM IONS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; FERMI LEVEL; GRAPHENE; HYDRIDES; POWDERS; SEMIMETALS; SYNCHROTRONS; SYNTHESIS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION