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Title: Interaction of hydrogen with palladium clusters deposited on graphene

Hydrogen adsorption on nanoporous carbon materials is a promising technology for hydrogen storage. However, pure carbon materials do not meet the technological requirements due to the week binding of hydrogen to the pore walls. Experimental work has shown that doping with Pd atoms and clusters enhances the storage capacity of porous carbons. Therefore, we have investigated the role played by the Pd dopant on the enhancement mechanisms. By performing density functional calculations, we have found that hydrogen adsorbs on Pd clusters deposited on graphene following two channels, molecular adsorption and dissociative chemisorption. However, desorption of Pd-H complexes competes with desorption of hydrogen, and consequently desorption of Pd-H complexes would spoil the beneficial effect of the dopant. As a way to overcome this difficulty, Pd atoms and clusters can be anchored to defects of the graphene layer, like graphene vacancies. The competition between molecular adsorption and dissociative chemisorption of H{sub 2} on Pd{sub 6} anchored on a graphene vacancy has been studied in detail.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. Departamento de Física Teórica, Atómica y Optica, Universidad de Valladolid, 47011 Valladolid (Spain)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22499117
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1702; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: ICCMSE 2015: International conference of computational methods in sciences and engineering 2015, Athens (Greece), 20-23 Mar 2015; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ADSORPTION; ANCHORS; ATOMIC CLUSTERS; CHEMISORPTION; DEFECTS; DENSITY FUNCTIONAL METHOD; DEPOSITS; DESORPTION; GRAPHENE; HYDROGEN; HYDROGEN STORAGE; NANOCOMPOSITES; PALLADIUM; POROUS MATERIALS; VACANCIES