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Title: Circuit model of the ITER-like antenna for JET and simulation of its control algorithms

The ITER-like Antenna (ILA) for JET [1] is a 2 toroidal by 2 poloidal array of Resonant Double Loops (RDL) featuring in-vessel matching capacitors feeding RF current straps in conjugate-T manner, a low impedance quarter-wave impedance transformer, a service stub allowing hydraulic actuator and water cooling services to reach the aforementioned capacitors and a 2nd stage phase-shifter-stub matching circuit allowing to correct/choose the conjugate-T working impedance. Toroidally adjacent RDLs are fed from a 3dB hybrid splitter. It has been operated at 33, 42 and 47MHz on plasma (2008-2009) while it presently estimated frequency range is from 29 to 49MHz. At the time of the design (2001-2004) as well as the experiments the circuit models of the ILA were quite basic. The ILA front face and strap array Topica model was relatively crude and failed to correctly represent the poloidal central septum, Faraday Screen attachment as well as the segmented antenna central septum limiter. The ILA matching capacitors, T-junction, Vacuum Transmission Line (VTL) and Service Stubs were represented by lumped circuit elements and simple transmission line models. The assessment of the ILA results carried out to decide on the repair of the ILA identified that achieving routine full array operation requiresmore » a better understanding of the RF circuit, a feedback control algorithm for the 2nd stage matching as well as tighter calibrations of RF measurements. The paper presents the progress in modelling of the ILA comprising a more detailed Topica model of the front face for various plasma Scrape Off Layer profiles, a comprehensive HFSS model of the matching capacitors including internal bellows and electrode cylinders, 3D-EM models of the VTL including vacuum ceramic window, Service stub, a transmission line model of the 2nd stage matching circuit and main transmission lines including the 3dB hybrid splitters. A time evolving simulation using the improved circuit model allowed to design and simulate the effectiveness of a feedback control algorithm for the 2nd stage matching and demonstrates the simultaneous matching and control of the 4 RDLs: 11 feedback loops control 21 actuators (8 capacitors, 4 phase shifters and 4 stubs for the 2nd stage matching, 4 main phase shifters controlling of the toroidal phasing and the electronically controlled phase between RF sources feeding top and bottom parts of the array and determines the poloidal phasing of the array which is solved explicitly at each time step) on (simulated) ELMy plasmas.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;
  1. LPP-ERM/KMS, TEC Partner, Brussels (Belgium)
  2. (United Kingdom)
  3. CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St-Paul-Lez-Durance (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22496213
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1689; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 21. topical conference on radio frequency power in plasmas, Lake Arrowhead, CA (United States), 27-29 Apr 2015; Other Information: (c) 2015 EURATOM; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ACTUATORS; ALGORITHMS; ANTENNAS; CALIBRATION; CAPACITORS; CONNECTORS; CONTROL; EDGE LOCALIZED MODES; FEEDBACK; FREQUENCY RANGE; IMPEDANCE; ITER TOKAMAK; JETS; PHASE SHIFT; PLASMA; PLASMA SCRAPE-OFF LAYER; RADIOWAVE RADIATION; SIMULATION; TRANSFORMERS