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Title: Bulk ion heating with ICRF waves in tokamaks

Heating with ICRF waves is a well-established method on present-day tokamaks and one of the heating systems foreseen for ITER. However, further work is still needed to test and optimize its performance in fusion devices with metallic high-Z plasma facing components (PFCs) in preparation of ITER and DEMO operation. This is of particular importance for the bulk ion heating capabilities of ICRF waves. Efficient bulk ion heating with the standard ITER ICRF scheme, i.e. the second harmonic heating of tritium with or without {sup 3}He minority, was demonstrated in experiments carried out in deuterium-tritium plasmas on JET and TFTR and is confirmed by ICRF modelling. This paper focuses on recent experiments with {sup 3}He minority heating for bulk ion heating on the ASDEX Upgrade (AUG) tokamak with ITER-relevant all-tungsten PFCs. An increase of 80% in the central ion temperature T{sub i} from 3 to 5.5 keV was achieved when 3 MW of ICRF power tuned to the central {sup 3}He ion cyclotron resonance was added to 4.5 MW of deuterium NBI. The radial gradient of the T{sub i} profile reached locally values up to about 50 keV/m and the normalized logarithmic ion temperature gradients R/LT{sub i} of about 20, whichmore » are unusually large for AUG plasmas. The large changes in the T{sub i} profiles were accompanied by significant changes in measured plasma toroidal rotation, plasma impurity profiles and MHD activity, which indicate concomitant changes in plasma properties with the application of ICRF waves. When the {sup 3}He concentration was increased above the optimum range for bulk ion heating, a weaker peaking of the ion temperature profile was observed, in line with theoretical expectations.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ; ;  [7] ; more »; ;  [8] ; « less
  1. Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies, Barcelona (Spain)
  2. (Spain)
  3. Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Garching (Germany)
  4. Dipartimento di Fisica “G. Occhialini”, Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, Milano (Italy)
  5. (Italy)
  6. Dept. of Fusion Plasma Physics, EES, KTH, Stockholm (Sweden)
  7. Istituto di Fisica del Plasma “P. Caldirola”, CNR, Milano (Italy)
  8. Technical University of Denmark, Department of Physics, Lyngby (Denmark)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22496183
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1689; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 21. topical conference on radio frequency power in plasmas, Lake Arrowhead, CA (United States), 27-29 Apr 2015; Other Information: (c) 2015 EURATOM; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ASDEX TOKAMAK; CONCENTRATION RATIO; DEUTERIUM; FIRST WALL; HEATING SYSTEMS; HELIUM 3; ICR HEATING; ION CYCLOTRON-RESONANCE; ITER TOKAMAK; MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS; PLASMA; PLASMA IMPURITIES; SIMULATION; TEMPERATURE GRADIENTS; TRITIUM; TUNGSTEN