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Title: The effect of dipole-dipole interactions on coercivity, anisotropy constant, and blocking temperature of MnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanoparticles

Superparamagnetic manganese ferrite nanoparticles with mean size of 〈D〉 = 6.5(±1.5) nm were synthesized through a solvothermal method using Tri-ethylene glycol as a solvent. The peak temperature of zero field cooled measurements of magnetization and AC magnetic susceptibility curves shifted toward higher temperatures by applying different pressures from 0 to 1 kbar and increasing the powders compaction. The frequency dependence of AC susceptibility measurements indicated the presence of weak dipole-dipole interactions between nanoparticles. By increasing the powders compaction and interactions strength, the coercive field (H{sub c}) increased and squareness (M{sub r}/M{sub s}) decreased. The obtained effective anisotropy constant (K{sub eff}), by susceptibility measurements, was from 1.72 × 10{sup 6} to 2.36 × 10{sup 6 }ergs/cm{sup 3} for pressure of 0 to 1 kbar. These values are larger than those obtained from hysteresis loops at 5 K (0.14 × 10{sup 6} to 0.34 × 10{sup 6 }erg/cm{sup 3}). Also, the K{sub eff} was two orders of magnitude greater than that of bulk MnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}. Size, surface effects, and total energy barrier between equilibrium states were reported as the main causes of large anisotropy. Below 75 K, a signature of weak surface spin glass was observed. However, memory effect experiment indicated that there is no collective superspin glass state in the samples. This study suggestsmore » the role of powders compaction on properties of a magnetic nanoparticles system. Furthermore, the coercivity, the anisotropy constant, and the blocking temperature are affected by changing nanoparticles compaction.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ;  [2]
  1. Department of Physics, University of Tabriz, Tabriz 51666-16471 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
  2. Department of Physics, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22495000
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 119; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2016 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ANISOTROPY; CHANNELING; COERCIVE FORCE; DIPOLES; FERRITES; MAGNETIC SUSCEPTIBILITY; MAGNETIZATION; NANOPARTICLES; POWDERS; SPIN GLASS STATE; SUPERPARAMAGNETISM