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Title: Effects of nanoscale vacuum gap on photon-enhanced thermionic emission devices

A new model of the photon-enhanced thermionic emission (PETE) device with a nanoscale vacuum gap is established by introducing the quantum tunneling effect and the image force correction. Analytic expressions for both the thermionic emission and tunneling currents are derived. The electron concentration and the temperature of the cathode are determined by the particle conservation and energy balance equations. The effects of the operating voltage on the maximum potential barrier, cathode temperature, electron concentration and equilibrium electron concentration of the conduction band, and efficiency of the PETE device are discussed in detail for different given values of the vacuum gap length. The influence of the band gap of the cathode and flux concentration on the efficiency is further analyzed. The maximum efficiency of the PETE and the corresponding optimum values of the band gap and the operating voltage are determined. The results obtained here show that the efficiency of the PETE device can be significantly improved by employing a nanoscale vacuum gap.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Fujian Key Laboratory of Semiconductor Materials and Applications, Collaborative Innovation Center for Optoelectronic Semiconductors and Efficient Devices, and Department of Physics, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22494954
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 119; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: (c) 2016 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; CATHODES; EFFICIENCY; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; ELECTRON TEMPERATURE; ENERGY BALANCE; NANOSTRUCTURES; PHOTONS; THERMIONIC EMISSION; TUNNEL EFFECT