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Title: Phase transitions and magnetocaloric and transport properties in off-stoichiometric GdNi{sub 2}Mn{sub x}

The structural, magnetic, magnetocaloric, transport, and magnetoresistance properties of the rare-earth intermetallic compounds GdNi{sub 2}Mn{sub x} (0.5 ≤ x ≤ 1.5) have been studied. The compounds with x = 0.5 and 0.6 crystallize in the cubic MgCu{sub 2} type phase, whereas samples with x ≥ 0.8 form a mixed MgCu{sub 2} and rhombohedral PuNi{sub 3} phase. A second order magnetic phase transition from a ferromagnetic to paramagnetic state was observed near the Curie temperature (T{sub C}). The GdNi{sub 2}Mn{sub x} (0.5 ≤ x ≤ 1.5) compounds order in a ferrimagnetic structure in the ground state. The largest observed values of magnetic entropy changes (at T{sub C} for ΔH = 5T) were 3.9, 3.5, and 3.1 J/kg K for x = 0.5, 0.6, and 0.8, respectively. The respective relative values of the cooling power were 395, 483, and 220 J/kg. These values are greater than some well-known prototype magnetocaloric materials such as Gd (400 J/kg) and Gd{sub 5}Si{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} (240 J/kg). Analysis of the resistivity data showed a T{sup 2} dependence at low temperatures, suggesting strong electron-phonon interactions, whereas at higher temperatures s-d scattering was dominated by the electron-phonon contribution, resulting in a slow increase in resistivity. Magnetoresistance values of ∼−1.1% were found for x = 0.5 near T{sub C}, and −7% for x = 1.5 near T = 80 K.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1] ; ;  [2]
  1. Department of Physics, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois 62901 (United States)
  2. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22494938
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 119; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: (c) 2016 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; COOLING; CURIE POINT; ELECTRON-PHONON COUPLING; ENTROPY; GROUND STATES; INTERMETALLIC COMPOUNDS; MAGNETORESISTANCE; MATERIALS; PARAMAGNETISM; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; PHONONS; RARE EARTHS; SCATTERING; STOICHIOMETRY; TRIGONAL LATTICES