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Title: Paramagnetic defects in KH{sub 2}PO{sub 4} crystals with high concentration of embedded TiO{sub 2} nanoparticles

Qualitative transformations of spectra of Electron Paramagnetic Resonance, EPR, were found in KH{sub 2}PO{sub 4} crystals grown from liquor with 10{sup −5}–10{sup −1 }wt. % of anatase TiO{sub 2} nanoparticles in comparison with nominally pure KH{sub 2}PO{sub 4}. The nanoparticles have larger segregation coefficient for prismatic parts of the crystals than for pyramidal ones. Significant decrease in resonance absorption, complete disappearance of EPR lines of Fe{sup 3+} and Cr{sup 3+} centers, and appearance of four weak lines of equal intensities together with broad asymmetric lines with g-factors about 2.07–2.5 was observed in pyramidal parts grown with concentration of TiO{sub 2} nanoparticles larger than the threshold value 10{sup −2 }wt. %. The four lines were attributed to non-controlled impurity As substituted for P. In the presence of TiO{sub 2} nanoparticles, non-paramagnetic AsO{sub 4}{sup 3−} clusters trap electrons becoming AsO{sub 4}{sup 4−}. Disappearance of Fe{sup 3+} and Cr{sup 3+} centers was explained by their recharge to “EPR-silent” states and/or pairing at the surface of TiO{sub 2} nanoparticles.
Authors:
; ;  [1] ; ; ;  [2]
  1. Physics Department, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana 59717 (United States)
  2. Institute for Single Crystals, NAS of Ukraine, Kharkiv (Ukraine)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22494924
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 119; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: (c) 2016 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; CHROMIUM IONS; CRYSTALS; ELECTRON SPIN RESONANCE; IRON IONS; NANOPARTICLES; PARAMAGNETISM; POTASSIUM PHOSPHATES; TITANIUM OXIDES