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Title: Generalized quantum efficiency analysis for non-ideal solar cells: Case of Cu{sub 2}ZnSnSe{sub 4}

Detailed quantum efficiency (QE) analysis of a nanoparticle-based Cu{sub 2}ZnSnSe{sub 4} (CZTSe) solar cell has been conducted to understand photogenerated carrier collection in the device. Specifically, voltage-dependent analysis has been considered to characterize both diffusion limitations and recombination limitations to carrier collection. Application of a generalized QE model and corresponding experimental and analytical procedures are presented to account for non-ideal device behavior, with specific consideration of photogenerated charge trapping, finite absorber thickness, back-surface recombination, and recombination of photogenerated carriers via interface, space-charge-region limited, and/or band tail limited recombination mechanisms. Analysis of diffusion limited collection results in extraction of the minority carrier diffusion length, mobility, back surface recombination velocity, and absorption coefficient. Additionally, forward bias QE measurements afford analysis of the dominant recombination mechanism for photogenerated carriers. For the analyzed CZTSe device, diffusion limitations are not expected to play a significant role in carrier collection in forward bias. However, voltage-dependent carrier collection, previously identified to contribute to open-circuit voltage limitations, is attributed to high recombination rates via band tail states/potential fluctuations in forward bias. A consideration of the assumptions commonly applied to diffusion length, band gap, and band tail extraction is also discussed.
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. School of Chemical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22494863
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 119; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: (c) 2016 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ABSORPTION; CARRIERS; DIFFUSION; DIFFUSION LENGTH; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; FLUCTUATIONS; INTERFACES; MOBILITY; POTENTIALS; QUANTUM EFFICIENCY; RECOMBINATION; SOLAR CELLS; SPACE CHARGE; SURFACES; THICKNESS; TRAPPING